THE FIVE C’S: CUT, COLOUR, CLARITY, CARAT, CONFLICT FREE
Diamonds are ancient pieces of carbon created at least 1 billion years ago deep inside the Earth. Before your diamond is cut and polished it actually just looks like any other rock. The beauty of a diamond is determined by the core quality of the mineral itself and the way in which it is cut and polished. Polished diamonds vary enormously in appearance with the most beautiful, lively stones being the rarest and the most costly.
So what creates the best sparkle?
The better the cut, the brighter the sparkle (and the higher the price!). The cut gradings available are: excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.
The diamond cutter will aim to make the largest possible diamond with the best angles to give the greatest amount of internal reflection. This means that any light entering the top of your diamond should also be reflected back out of the top, giving the stone its brilliant sparkle.
Diamonds come in a range of different colours. The Diamonds that we are interested in tend to range from colourless, a grade “D”, through to a brownish yellow, grade “Z”.
A colourless diamond is the rarest and most expensive. Graded as DEF. Near colourless stones are less rare, and are less expensive. Finally those with a definite yellow hue N-Z realise a much lower price. These are often found in high street chains with a sale sign giving the illusion of a bargain to be had. However, as always, there is an exception to the rule, and some of the yellow stones are a pure “Canary” yellow and can attract a high price indeed.
Fluorescence: Under UV light your diamond may glow blue or purple. This is due to an attribute called fluorescence. The fluorescence grades medium and strong can make your stones look slightly foggy and in turn affect the colour somewhat, even under normal light. A diamond may score high in all the other grades but if it has fluorescence this will lower its value. Kaanaanmaa only select Diamonds that have ‘NIL’ or ‘FAINT’ fluorescence.
Clarity is an indication of a diamond’s purity and nearly all diamonds have some form of imperfection, known as inclusions, in them. The clarity grade ranges from FL (flawless) to I1/I2/I3 (the least clear). It describes how visible these imperfections are when you look at the diamond with x10 magnification.
A high clarity grade of ‘VVS’ means these inclusions are very, very small and difficult to see at x10 magnification. Both ‘VS’ and ‘SI’ do contain inclusions visible under magnification, but these are largely impossible for the majority of people to see with a naked eye. These do, however, still significantly lower the price of the stone.
The carat is, strictly speaking, a measurement of weight which is most often reflected in the size of the diamond. Two diamonds of equal weight can have very different values depending on their quality or grading, as discussed above, by their cut, colour and clarity. The size of your stone has nothing to do with quality but larger stones are much rarer and you will find a significant price jump as you approach half a carat (.50ct) and then another at one whole carat (1ct) and so on.
Conflict Free Diamonds are certified diamonds that have been mined in conflict free zones, in accordance with the UN Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) (2002). We are proud that Kaanaanmaa’s diamonds are certified in accordance with these safeguards against the trade of ‘conflict diamonds’ financing bloody wars and human exploitation.
CHOOSE QUALITY DIAMONDS AT KAANAANMAA
As we said earlier, when it comes to a dazzling diamond sparkle, diamond quality is better than diamond quantity. Bigger is not brighter! Always choose cut over size and you can never go wrong. Come and visit Kaanaanmaa today to see the difference.